Stanley Norman Cohen is an American Jewish inductee into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2001 for the processes for producing functional molecular chimeras and genetic engineering working together with his associate, Herbert Boyer.
Cohen was born on February 17, 1935, in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. He received his Bachelor’s degree from Rutgers University in 1956. He then attended the School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania and received his medical degree in1960.
In 1968, he joined the faculty of the Stanford University School of Medicine. Today, he is still on the faculty as a professor of genetics and medicine and he is continuing his research on many scientific problems, which includes cell growth and development.
Cohen is the recipient of Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research, in 1980. He has received the National Medal of Science, 1988 and the National Medal of Technology.
In 1972, Cohen combined his investigations with those of Herbert Boyer which led to the development of methods to combine and transplant genes. This discovery led to the birth of genetic engineering.
Cohen and Boyer joined together with investor Robert Swanson, in1976, to form a biotechnology firm which was named Genentech. They discovered many products like genetically engineered human insulin. They are working on ways to alter crops to help increase the food supply for the world.
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