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Morton Mower

American Jewish Inductees of the National Inventors Hall of Fame

Morton Mower, M.D.: Inducted
into the National Inventors
Hall of Fame-2002

by Seymour “Sy” Brody

Morton Mower is an American Jewish inductee into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, 2002, for co-inventing with Michel Mirowski, a method and apparatus for monitoring heart activity detecting abnormalities and cardioverting a malfunctioning heart. The Patent is 4,202,340.

Morton Mower was born in 1933, in Baltimore, Maryland. His family moved
Frederick, Maryland, where he was a shoemaker and his mother took care of the three children. During the summer school vacations, he went to Atlantic City, New Jersey, and work ed in his uncle Sam’s salt water bath houses. Sometimes his uncle became sick and the doctor would come to the house. Bower was impressed how the doctor was treated with respect and he felt that he would like to have this respect when he gets older.

He received a degree from the John Hopkins University, in 1955. He attended the Maryland School of Medicine and received his M.D. degree, in 1959. Mower served in the United States Army and he then had a residency and fellowship at the Sinai Hospital. It was here that he met Michel Mirowski and they agreed to work together to create a defibrillator.

At the Sinai Hospital, Mower served as Chief of Cardiology. He, Mirowski and the research staff worked for almost 12 years in developing a small defibrillator that could be implanted into a patient. On February 1, 1980, they installed this defibrillator into a patient in the operating room of John Hopkins University. Millions of people have had their lives extended because of this invention. United States Vice President Dick Cheney is able to function normally because he has a defibrillator.

Morton Mower had throughout his career had a private practice. He served as Vice President of Medical Science at Pacemakers, Inc. He became a senior consultant of the CPI Division of Guidant Corporation and retired in 1996 so that he could become chairman and CEO of Mower Research Associates.

Morton Mower has received many awards:
■ Inducted into the Space Technology Hall of Fame, 1991
■ Michel Mirowski Award of Excellence in the Field of Clinical Cardiology and Electrophysiology, 1991
■ Inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, 2002
■ Career Achievement Award from Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 2004

Morton Mower is retired and he is living with his family in Maryland.

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