Murray Gell-Mann is an American Jewish recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics, 1968, for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions.
He was born on September 15, 1929, in the lower East Side of New York City, New York. He parents were Pauline, nee Reichstein, and Arthur Gell-Mann, who were Jewish immigrants from Europe. His father ran a foreign language school.
Gell-Man entered Yale University at fifteen. He was considered be a child prodigy. He graduated Yale University with a Bachelor of Science Degree, in 1948, and he received his Doctorate Degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1952.
After graduation, he was a Visiting Associate Professor at Columbia University, 1954-1955. He then became a professor at the University of Chicago before going to the California Institute of Technology, 1955-1993.
Gell-Mann is the founder of the Sante Fe Institute, author of The Quark and Jaguar, a board member of the Smithsonian Institute and a director of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Murray Gell-Mann received many awards and honors:
● Dannie Heineman Prize, American Physical Society, 1959
● A member of the American Physical Society, 1960
● A member of the National Academy of Sciences, 1960
● Ernest O. Lawrence Award, 1966
● Franklin Medal, Franklin Institute of Philadelphia, 1967
● John J. Carty Medal, National Academy of Sciences, 1968
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, University of Illinois, 1968
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, Wesleyan University, 1968
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, University of Turin, Italy, 1969
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, University of Utah, 1970
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, Columbia University, 1977
● The Globe, United Nations Environment Programme Roll of Honor for Environmental Achievement, 1988
● Erice Prize, World Federation of Scientists, 1990
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, University of Oxford, London, 1990
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, Southern Illinois University, 1993
● A member of the Philosophical Society, 1993
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, University of Florida, 1994
● Honorary Doctorate Degree, Southern Methodist University, 1999
● Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology, Telluride, Colorado, 2002
● Humanist of the Year, American Humanist Association, 2005
● Rand Corporation Consultant
● A member of the Wildlife Conservation Society, 1993
● A member of the Explorers Club
● Phi Beta Kappa Society
● A member of the Sigma XI
● Albert Einstein Medal, 2005
Murray Gell-Man was married to J. Margaret Dow in 1955 and she died in 1981. They had a daughter and a son. He married Marcia Southwick, in 1992, and they have a stepson.
He is currently active teaching at the University of New Mexico.
Return to Table of