© The Nobel Foundation
Herbert A. Hauptman

American Jewish Recipients of the Nobel Prize

Herbert A. Hauptman: Nobel
Prize in Chemistry Recipient-1985

by Seymour “Sy” Brody

Herbert A. Hauptman is an American Jewish recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1985, which he shared with Jerome Karle for their outstanding achievements in the development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures.

He was born on February 14, 1917, in New York City. He was the oldest child of Leah (Rosenfeld) and Israel Hauptman. He had two younger brothers, Manuel and Robert.

Hauptman was very interested in math. and science when he went through the New York City school system. He received a B.S. in Mathematics, at the City College of New York, 1937. He then went to Columbia University for his M.A. in Mathematics, in 1939.

He earned his PhD. University of Maryland, 1955. While working for his degree at the University of Maryland, he started to collaborate with Dr. Jerome Karle at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C. This was a good combination as Dr. Karle had a chemistry background and he was steeped in mathematics.

On November 10, 1940, he married Edith Citrynell. They have two daughters, Barbara and Carol.

Herbert Hauptman was the author of over 170 publications. He has received many awards and honors:
● Belden Prize (Gold Medal), 1935
● RESA Award in Pure Science, 1959
● Co-recipient (with Jerome Karle) of the Paterson Award, 1984
● Honorary Degree of Science, University of Maryland, 1985
● The Citizen of the Year Award, Buffalo Evening News, 1986
● Inducted into the Nobel Hall of Science and Industry, Chicago, IL, 1986
● Norton Medal, SUNY, 1986
● Schoelkopf Award, American Chemical Society, 1986
● Honorary Doctor of Science Degree, CCNY, 1986
● Gold Plate Award, American Academy of Achievement, 1986
● Townsend Harris Medal, 1986
● Medal from the Jewish Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1986
● National Library of Medicine Medal, 1986
● Honorary Member of Phi Beta Kappa, 1987
● Inducted as a Fellow of the Jewish Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1987
● Elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 1987
● Honorary Doctorate in Chemistry, University of Parma, Italy, 1989
● Honorary Doctorate of Science Degree of D’Youville College, Buffalo, 1989
● Honorary Doctor of Science Degree, Honoris Causa, Bar-Ilan, University, Israel, 1990
● Dirac Medal for the Advancement of Theoretical Physics, University of New South Wales, Australia, 1991

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